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ŠUME U HRVATSKOJ

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The basic principles of the Croatian forestry are the sustainable management, aiming to preserve the natural structure and biodiversity of forests, and the continuous rise of the stability and quality of the commercial and welfare functions of the forest.
The Forest Act prescribes an integral forest-management area in the Republic of Croatia, which is further divided into management units.
Forests and forest land in Croatia is managed in line with the Forest management plan, adopted for the period of 10 years. 

The Forest management plan defines the ecological, commercial and social basis for the biological improvement of forests and the growth of forest production. The goal of the forest management in Croatia is a sustainable and harmonious usage of all the forest functions and the continuous improvement of their condition.

 

 

Total area of forests and forest land in Croatia amounts to 2, 688. 687 ha which is 47% of its total land area. Out of that, 2, 106. 917 ha is state-owned, whereas 581 770 ha are privately owned. Vast majority of state-owned forests is managed by Hrvatske šume (2, 018.987ha).
Except according to the ownership, forests are classified according to their purpose as well. The Forest Act states that according to their purpose, forests can be commercial, protective and those with a special purpose. COMMERCIAL – used for the production of forest products, next to the preservation and improvement of their welfare functions
PROTECTIVE – serve for the protection of soil, waters, settlements etc.
FORESTS WITH SPECIAL PURPOSE – protected nature areas (reserves, national parks, nature parks, nature monuments, important landscapes, park forests)
 - forests and parts of forests registered for production of forest seed (seed stands)
 - forests for scientific research
 - forests for defense of the state


STRUCTURAL AREA (ha)
FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN 2006-2015

 

FORESTS ACCORDING TO THEIR PURPOSE

OWNERSHIP COMMERCIAL PROTECTIVE SPECIAL PURPOSE TOTAL
RH-HŠ 1,838.783 145,634 34,570 2,018.987
RH-OTHEL LEGAL ENT. 492 4,883 82,555 87,930
PRIVATE OWNERS 576,832 4,022 917 581,770
CROATIA - TOTAL 2,416.107 154,539 118,041 2,688.687


All managed forests are divided into management units, which are further divided into compartments and subcompartments. Management plan for each management unit is adopted for a period of 10 years. All measurements and planning in forestry are being carried out every ten years, when all data are up-to-dated. Forest Management Plan is a "little forestry Constitution" for a unit.

The term "growing stock" depicts the total volume of wood mass in a certain forest, which indirectly defines the quality of that forest, too. The term "increment" shows the quantity by which this volume is increasing every year, which is again a figure that depicts the availability of wood for usage by men.

Hrvatske šume are applying the principles of sustainable management for hundreds of years already. Significantly less wood is taken from the forest than it is growing every year, and as trees of lesser quality are constantly cut, it is clear that our forests are the more beautiful the longer they are managed.

Some people are worried when passing through some wooded parts of country and seeing parts of forests cut, thinking that foresters cut the trees clear. They are wrong. What looks like a clear cut, is actually a young forest only a few years old. And when one oak falls down, that should be looked on like birth of a few thousand of them, who cannot live in the shadow of their ancestors and can't wait for their chance. That is why some tree species simply have to be managed in a regular way, as foresters say. It is important to notice that felling, which looks like clear cut, happens only on small areas, whereas at the level of a management unit the total growing stock is either the same or even higher with time.
In the forests of Gorski kotar forest management is different. In that region the selection management is applied, so that every couple of years, individual ripe trees are taken out, opening in that way space for young growth. Beech and fir are species that enable such kind of management. Looked at from the outside, it seems as the forest is not changing at all, although by this method the same quantity of wood is exploited as in the regular forests. As the selection forests cannot be classified by age, they are classified in tables according to their diameter class.


STATE- OWNED FOREST AREA (ha) MANAGED BY HRVATSKE ŠUME

FORESTS ACCORDING TO THEIR PURPOSE

YEAR COMMERCIAL PROTECTIVE

SPECIAL PURPOSE

TOTAL
1986. 1,945.998 53,308 458,342 2,457.848
1996. 1,878.790 88,839 23,909 1,991.537
2006. 1,838.783 145,634 34,570 2,018.987

 

GROWING STOCK AND INCREMENT ACCORDING TO THE TREE SPECIES AND OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE


By the valid Forest management plan it is has been defined that the growing stock in Croatia amounts to 398 million m3, whereof 302 million m3 stems from the state forests, managed by Hrvatske šume; something more than 78 million m3 stems from the privately-owned forests and 17 million m3 from the state forests managed by other legal entities.


 

ANNUAL INCREMENT AND ANNUAL YIELD

Annual increment in Croatia amounts to 10,5 million m3, whereof 8 million m3 stems from the forests managed by Hrvatske šume and 2,1 million m3 from the privately owned forests. In the forests managed by Hrvatske šume each year less wood is exploited than it is growing, which ensures the future of the sustainable management.

ANNUAL YIELD- allowable annual cut or quantity of wood allowed to be exploited commercially. Each year annual plans are made (annual yield), at the same time paying attention to the increment, which is higher than the annual cut for years. This means that the natural balance of the forests will not be disturbed.

Annual yield in the forests managed by Hrvatske šume amounts averagely 5,8 million m3.

 

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